Education

This webpage, created in response to a request from educators, education managers and operators, provides a rapid, direct and easy access to IRENA key reports, infographics, data and tools. It also hosts IRENA’s Technical Papers Series, individually authored by IRENA staff and other internationally recognised experts.

Key reports

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  • World Energy Transitions Outlook: 1.5°C Pathway

    This report guides policy makers to stay on the the 1.5°C path to 2050, explores the socio-economic impacts of the transition and suggests ways to speed progress towards universal access to clean energy.

    Interactive version
    Energy transition, Off-grid for energy access, Targets & NDCs, Policy, Carbon capture, Critical materials English
  • Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor

    The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the geopolitical drivers and potential consequences of the development of clean hydrogen value chains.

    Interactive version
    Geopolitics, Hydrogen, Technology, Green hydrogen, Policy English
  • Renewable Energy Market Analysis: Africa and its Regions

    The report lays out a pathway to a renewable-based energy system and shows that the transition promises substantial gains in GDP, employment, and human welfare in each region of the African continent.

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    Macro-economic benefits, Socio-economic impact, Energy & jobs, Socio-economic impact English
  • Renewable Energy and Jobs - Annual Review 2021

    This Special Edition of the report on Labour and Policy Perspectives, in collaboration with the ILO, presents the status of employment in 2020 and discusses the policy framework required for a just transition.

    Interactive version
    Energy & jobs, Socio-economic impact, Macro-economic benefits, Socio-economic impact English
  • Renewable energy and jobs: Annual review 2023

    This tenth edition of IRENA’s Renewable energy and jobs: Annual review, provides the latest data on renewable energy employment worldwide, as well as analysis of prevailing deployment trends and policy contexts.

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    Energy transition, Energy & jobs, Socio-economic impact English
  • Renewables Readiness Assessment: Bosnia and Herzegovina

    This Renewables Readiness Assessment aims to support Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path towards integrating a higher share of renewable energy, and diversifying its national energy mix to align with its energy and climate ambitions.

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    Energy transition English
  • Renewable energy market analysis: Mano River Union region

    This report analyses the energy sector landscape in the Mano River Union (MRU) region, discussing opportunities and solutions to scale-up renewable energy adoption in support of the region’s energy and socio-economic development goals.

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    Policy, Energy transition English
  • Breakthrough Agenda Report 2023

    The 2023 edition of an annual collaboration between the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the United Nations Climate Change High-Level Champions assesses progress toward meeting international climate goals.

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    Energy transition English

Technical papers

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  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Rare Earth elements

    The technical paper on Critical Materials for the Energy Transition emphasises that an accelerated energy transition requires a growing supply of critical materials, with Chapter 7 of the IRENA’s World Energy Transition Outlook 2022 further elaborating on these materials. IRENA continues to publish technical papers on groups of critical materials: the first one focuses on lithium and this second paper focuses on rare earth elements.

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    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Lithium

    This paper discusses the global lithium industry structure and major players while reflecting on current costs changes and their further implications, the role of the governments could play to de-risk lithium supply and the opportunities innovation can play in reducing demand growth.

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    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition

    This paper will assess how the growth of renewables will put critical materials at the centre of the energy transformation, with the objective of highlighting the criticalities related to the sector and of identifying how technological developments and innovation can positively reduce geopolitical risks.

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    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Capturing Carbon

    This paper explores the status and potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS), carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies and their roles alongside renewables in the deep decarbonisation of energy systems.

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    Energy transition, Technology, Carbon capture
  • Oil companies and the energy transition

    This paper analyses the strategies of seven international oil companies (IOCs) in the context of energy transition.

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    Energy transition, Technology
  • Energy subsidies: Evolution in the global energy transformation to 2050

    The energy sector lacks a standard definition of subsidies. This paper contributes to research on how subsidies are calculated – for fossil-fuels, renewables and the sector as a whole.

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    Costs, Policy, Technology
  • Renewable energy targets in small island developing states

    This technical paper presents a quantification of SIDS’ renewable energy targets, both in their national energy plans and in their NDCs.

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    Targets & NDCs English
  • Potential Limitations of Marginal Pricing for a Power System Based on Renewables

    Marginal pricing wholesale power markets could produce significant barriers for the energy transition, and on their own do not appear to be appropriate organisational structures for renewables-based power systems.

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    Energy transition, Policy
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Rare Earth elements

    The technical paper on Critical Materials for the Energy Transition emphasises that an accelerated energy transition requires a growing supply of critical materials, with Chapter 7 of the IRENA’s World Energy Transition Outlook 2022 further elaborating on these materials. IRENA continues to publish technical papers on groups of critical materials: the first one focuses on lithium and this second paper focuses on rare earth elements.

    View
    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Lithium

    This paper discusses the global lithium industry structure and major players while reflecting on current costs changes and their further implications, the role of the governments could play to de-risk lithium supply and the opportunities innovation can play in reducing demand growth.

    View
    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
Technical paper series are produced as a contribution to technical discussions and to disseminate new findings on relevant topics in the area of the author’s expertise. This publication does not represent IRENA’s official position or views on any topic. The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed herein are those of the author(s). IRENA does not assume responsibility for the content of this work or the accuracy of the data included herein. Neither IRENA nor any of its officials, agents, data or other third-party content providers provides a warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, and they accept no responsibility or liability for any consequence of use of the publication or material herein. The mention of specific companies, projects or products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended, either by IRENA or the author(s). The designations employed and the presentation of material herein do not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of IRENA or the author(s) concerning the legal status of any region, country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers or boundaries.
  • Renewable energy targets in small island developing states

    This technical paper presents a quantification of SIDS’ renewable energy targets, both in their national energy plans and in their NDCs.

    View
    Targets & NDCs English
  • Potential Limitations of Marginal Pricing for a Power System Based on Renewables

    Marginal pricing wholesale power markets could produce significant barriers for the energy transition, and on their own do not appear to be appropriate organisational structures for renewables-based power systems.

    View
    Energy transition, Policy
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Rare Earth elements

    The technical paper on Critical Materials for the Energy Transition emphasises that an accelerated energy transition requires a growing supply of critical materials, with Chapter 7 of the IRENA’s World Energy Transition Outlook 2022 further elaborating on these materials. IRENA continues to publish technical papers on groups of critical materials: the first one focuses on lithium and this second paper focuses on rare earth elements.

    View
    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition: Lithium

    This paper discusses the global lithium industry structure and major players while reflecting on current costs changes and their further implications, the role of the governments could play to de-risk lithium supply and the opportunities innovation can play in reducing demand growth.

    View
    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Critical Materials For The Energy Transition

    This paper will assess how the growth of renewables will put critical materials at the centre of the energy transformation, with the objective of highlighting the criticalities related to the sector and of identifying how technological developments and innovation can positively reduce geopolitical risks.

    View
    Energy transition, Critical materials, Technology
  • Capturing Carbon

    This paper explores the status and potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS), carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies and their roles alongside renewables in the deep decarbonisation of energy systems.

    View
    Energy transition, Technology, Carbon capture
  • The Renewable Spring: The interplay between finance and policy in the energy transition

    This paper presents a brief overview of technology revolutions and how they interact with financial markets.

    View
    Energy transition, Finance & investment
  • Oil companies and the energy transition

    This paper analyses the strategies of seven international oil companies (IOCs) in the context of energy transition.

    View
    Energy transition, Technology
  • Measuring the socio-economics of transition: Focus on jobs

    Well-crafted deployment, integrating and enabling policies could create millions of new jobs. This report outlines the evolving global and regional distribution of energy employment.

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    Energy transition, Socio-economic impact
  • Energy subsidies: Evolution in the global energy transformation to 2050

    The energy sector lacks a standard definition of subsidies. This paper contributes to research on how subsidies are calculated – for fossil-fuels, renewables and the sector as a whole.

    View
    Costs, Policy, Technology

Infographics

  • 2nd-gen-biodiesel
  • global-coconut-palm-rapseed-and-soybean-oil-prices-2000-to-2012
  • 2nd-gen-biodiesel-2
  • fig-25
  • 2gen-biodiesel-total-costs
  • biodiesel-fame
  • 2nd-gen-biodiesel-1

Data and tools

  • Query Tools

    Tools for Statistical Data
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  • Flex Tool

    Power system flexibility assessment
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  • SPLAT

    System Planning Test capacity expansion models
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